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Published on behalf of the International Federation for Cell Biology
Cancer Cell death Cell cycle Cytoskeleton Exo/endocytosis Differentiation Division Organelles Signalling Stem cells Trafficking
Cell Biology International (1993) 17, 885–896 (Printed in Great Britain)
Protein-free culture of VERO cells: a substrate for replication of human pathogenic viruses
Jindrich Cinatl, Jaroslav Cinatl, Holger Rabenau, Jens Rapp, Bernhardt Kornhuber and Hans‑Wilhelm Doerr
Centre of Hygiene, Institute of Medical Virology, Centre of Pediatrics, Department of Haematology and Oncology and J. W. Goethe-University, Frankfurt a. M., Fed. Rep. of Germany


A protein-free chemically defined medium designated PFEK-1 was developed for culture of VERO cells on polyvinyl formal (PVF) culture surface without serum or other macromolecular supplements. VERO cells proliferated in PFEK-1 medium on PVF surface to a similar extent as cells in serum-supplemented medium without previous adaptation from serum-containing conditions. The protein-free culture infected with coxsackievirus B4, herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2, measles virus and poliovirus types 1, 2 and 3 developed viral titers comparable to those found in conventionally grown cells. The results demonstrated that VERO cells in protein-free culture provide a sensitive substrate for the production of human pathogenic viruses which are not contaminated by serum or other protein factors usually added to a culture medium.


ISSN Print: 1065-6995
ISSN Electronic: 1095-8355
Published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the International Federation for Cell Biology (IFCB)