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Cancer Cell death Cell cycle Cytoskeleton Exo/endocytosis Differentiation Division Organelles Signalling Stem cells Trafficking
Cell Biology International (1999) 23, 81–88 (Printed in Great Britain)
M.A.S Camposa, E.G Kroona, R Gentzb and P.C.P Ferreiraa,f1
aLaboratório de Virus, Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Arenida Antônio Carlos 6627, Pampulha 31270901, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
bDepartment of Protein Development, Human Genome Sciences Inc. Rockville, Maryland, U.S.A.


The protein encoded by the proto-oncogene c-fos is constitutively nuclear in most cell types analyzed. It has a predicted molecular weight of about 55kDa. Proteins with a molecular weight above 40kDa cannot enter the nucleus passively. Our interest was to study which regions in the protein are involved in the nuclear transport. We prepared a series of deletions and point mutations of the protein and cloned the mutated genes into a eukaryotic expression vector. Cos-1 cells were used to express the mutants transiently. Using indirect immunofluorescence we studied the subcellular localization, analyzing the percentage of cells containing the protein in the nucleus, the cytoplasm, or both locations. Our studies showed that the Fos protein contains several regions which can act independently to translocate the protein into the nucleus.

Key words: Fos intracellular localization, domains of Fos, proteintranslocation, proto-oncogene, transcription factor.

f1To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received 6 February 1998; accepted 12 October 1998


ISSN Print: 1065-6995
ISSN Electronic: 1095-8355
Published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the International Federation for Cell Biology (IFCB)