Brought to you by Portland Press Ltd.
Published on behalf of the International Federation for Cell Biology
Cancer Cell death Cell cycle Cytoskeleton Exo/endocytosis Differentiation Division Organelles Signalling Stem cells Trafficking
Cell Biology International (2002) 26, 1043–1055 (Printed in Great Britain)
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF α5β1 INTEGRIN DEPENDENT AND INDEPENDENT ACTIN CYTOSKELTON ORGANIZATION IN CELL TRANSFORMATION AND SURVIVAL
J. Rajeswari and Gopal Pandef1
Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, 500 007, India


Abstract

Cell–matrix and cell–cell interactions are important physiological determinants of cell growth, survival and transformation. Cell adhesion to the extra cellular matrix (ECM) via integrins also crucially influences the organization of the cytoskeleton. It triggers a cascade of intracellular biochemical events, which regulate cell viability and growth. We have studied the relationship between cell attachment to the substratum and cytoskeletal organization and cell survival and transformation. Our results demonstrate that in the absence of attachment to the substratum, adhesion-dependent fibroblasts exhibit rapid loss of viability. However, a small percentage of cells survive even after remaining non-adherent for 16h. The adherent and non-adherent cells differ from one another both morphologically and physiologically. The latter show a loss of α5β1 integrin expression on their surface and bind non-specifically to the substratum and ECM, thereby activating certain pathways more efficiently than adherent cells. We have also shown that non-adherent cells grow faster and have worse cytoskeletal organization after attachment to the substratum, and do not form focal adhesions or actin stress fibres. Hence, our data suggests that rat fibroblasts in prolonged suspension exhibit some properties that are comparable to cells undergoing transformation, by adapting integrin-dependent or independent signalling pathways for their survival.


Key words: ECM (extra cellular matrix), cell signalling, cell adhesion, cytoskeleton and cell growth..

f1To whom correspondence should be addressed: Tel.: +91 40 719 2605; Fax: +91 40 716 0591; E-mail:gpande@ccmb.res.in


Received 24 January 2002; accepted 21 August 2002

doi:10.1006/cbir.2002.0964


ISSN Print: 1065-6995
ISSN Electronic: 1095-8355
Published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the International Federation for Cell Biology (IFCB)