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Cancer Cell death Cell cycle Cytoskeleton Exo/endocytosis Differentiation Division Organelles Signalling Stem cells Trafficking
Cell Biology International (2003) 27, 459–468 (Printed in Great Britain)
The expression of matrix metalloproteinase-13 and osteocalcin in mouse osteoblasts is related to osteoblastic differentiation and is modulated by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and thyroid hormones
Nadja Fratzl‑Zelman*1, Helmut Glantschnig1, Monika Rumpler, Alexander Nader, Adolf Ellinger and Franz Varga
Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Osteology, 4th Medical Department, Hanusch Hospital, Heinrich Collin-Str. 30, A-1140 Vienna, Austria


Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13), is a key protein of bone matrix degradation, and is highly expressed by osteoblasts. We used the osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cell line and compared the stimulatory effects of the bone resorptive agents 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3) 3,3′,5-triido-l-thyronine (T3) on the expression of MMP-13 mRNA. We showed that the stimulatory effects were time and dose dependent, and were also transduced to the protein level, with 1,25-(OH)2D3being more potent.

MMP-13 expression in different mouse cells and its localization within developing bone from the onset of osteogenesis were also investigated. 1,25-(OH)2D3- and T3-regulated osteocalcin (Osc) expression in mouse osteoblasts was compared to hormonal effects on MMP-13 expression and activity. Here we show divergent and common roles of 1,25-(OH)2D3and T3 action on the expression of these marker proteins, depending on the stage of cell differentiation. In addition, we propose a role for MMP-13 in the bone collar of developing long bones. The results could help to more precisely characterize hormonal regulation in the developmental sequence of osteoblasts.


1Both authors contributed equally to this work.

*Corresponding author. Tel.: +43-1-91021-86921; fax: +43-1-91021-86929


Received 28 May 2002/16 December 2002; accepted 12 February 2003

doi:10.1016/S1065-6995(03)00037-4


ISSN Print: 1065-6995
ISSN Electronic: 1095-8355
Published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the International Federation for Cell Biology (IFCB)